BSA Gender Inclusiveness: Healthy Win-Win Or War Against the Girl Scouts?

Many responded to this week’s headlines with resounding “Bravo, Boy Scouts.”

By adding scouting opportunities for girls to its increased inclusiveness regarding all dimensions of gender, sexual orientation and identity, the BSA is making structural changes to a long ultra-closed organizational culture that all too easily kept abuses under the radar. (Here’s a Washington Post story about the announcement.)

The expansion opens to girls the prospect of developing the skills and achieving the Eagle Scout milestone so valued in adult careers across the spectrum. At the same time, younger scouts and individual troops retain flexibility and choices via single-gender scouting and age-appropriate safeguards. Meanwhile, many girls also thrive in the tremendously successful programs and skill development available through the ever-evolving Girl Scouts USA. As with all organizations, to remain relevant both must respond with strategy and business models such ongoing challenges as growing their markets, responding to societal change and diversity, financial viability as well as acknowledgement and correction of organizational

On this news from the Boy Scouts, I hope the Girl Scouts of USA will soon shift its reactivity and focus toward what’s good for the most kids and families — and away from its inflammatory tone – and harshly competitive stance thus far on the evolution of BSA. Here’s a sample of the rhetoric, cited by David Crary of The Associate Press.

The Girl Scouts of the USA have criticized the initiative, saying it strains the century-old bond between the two organizations. Girl Scout officials have suggested the BSA’s move was driven partly by a need to boost revenue, and they contended there is fiscal stress in part because of past settlements paid by the BSA in sex-abuse cases.

In August, the president of the Girl Scouts, Kathy Hopinkah Hannan, accused the Boy Scouts of seeking to covertly recruit girls into their programs while disparaging the Girl Scouts’ operations. On Monday, Latino civic leader Charles Garcia, just days after being named to the Girl Scouts’ national board, wrote an opinion piece for the Huffington Post calling the BSA’s overture to girls “a terrible idea.” The Boy Scouts’ house is on fire,” Garcia wrote.

From the perspective of counseling psychology in today’s complex American society, it would be hard to argue on behalf of more limitations/fewer options for parents and children. It is definitely true that for some children, at some times in their developmental years a traditionally defined, single-gender environment can be nurturing and productive. But for other children and adolescents these are stifling, demotivating boxes from the start. In the therapy room and everyday family life, even multiple siblings within the same family system have vastly different needs, interests, and goals around scouting prospects.

The continued strong traditions of the Girl Scouts, added to the various new options for both genders in Boy Scouts, provide parents and their potential scouts with an enriched range of choices. (A helpful history and model to consider and compare here might be the longstanding YMCA and YWCA models. Both began as single-gender movements more than a century ago to serve the needs and values of rapid urbanization during their post-Victorian era.)

And depth psychology can further inform a positive view of the expanded options in scouting. It’s no secret that we depth psychologists tend to hang out a lot in the margins of 21st Century industrialized culture. In our recognition of the unconscious we put a particular value on paying attention to what, (and who) isn’t seen, acknowledged, heard, or empowered by the always-in-charge, conscious ego of the individual. This is true on the cultural level as well, consistent with Jung’s view that the unconscious psyche is not only individual but collective across all human experience. Also in the depth psychology point of view, the vast range of archetypal patterns that express and enrich the full range of adult personality is equally apparent in earliest childhood and adolescence.

So a depth psychology perspective on scouting points to consistent (and ongoing) raising of awareness around exclusion and marginalization and then tangible correction, new options and opportunities.

There’s plenty of room and ample market need for the venerable brands of both Girl Scouts and Boy Scouts. The Boy Scout expansion isn’t a panacea. But it’s also not a declaration of war. It’s a worthwhile step.

 

 

‘Taking the Knee’ and the Body’s Inherent Symbolism

More basically than all the words, politics, interpretations, and reactivity around the process of “taking a knee,” this embodied gesture has symbolic meaning and power both in and beyond our own culture. Off the football field, even a cursory look or Google search turns up rich context for this profoundly simple movement in such varied venues as the depth psychology of C. G. Jung, practices and teachings of Yoga, rites of the world’s great religions, coronation and knighthood ceremonies among the world’s monarchies, and rituals of indigenous peoples. It’s even a recurring motif in popular culture through all seven seasons of the most popular and award-winning show on television, the HBO series Game of Thrones!

In all of these diverse venues the taking of a knee shares a universal and (at least until now) a readily understood meaning: an expression of humility, deference to a higher authority/higher good, even reverence.

The Unconscious is Real: Charlottesville and our Blindspots

The white supremacist and neo-Nazi violence over the August 12 weekend in Charlottesville, VA, presents a tragic case for examination through a depth-psychology lens. It’s a visceral example of how loaded, “dog-whistle” rhetoric can awaken, unleash, and reveal the unclaimed, unconscious blind spots of our human nature – both in the individual and the collective.

Early explorer of the unconscious, Sigmund Freud, dubbed this the Id, wellspring of our most primitive impulses. C. G. Jung’s exhaustive exploration of this interior landscape, which he named the Shadow, over much of his life is a foundational tenet of his analytical psychology.

In recent decades, neuroscience and the technologies of brain chemistry and functional MRI have provided the first detailed maps of the many ways our behavior is guided or driven by different experiences, physical processes, biochemicals, and emotions that affect and interact with specific areas of the brain.  Only a small portion of this brain geography is involved with cognition or rational thought, those conscious area of our functioning from which we can say we act with intention and purpose.

And in their 2013 book, Blindspot: Hidden Biases of Good People, research psychologists Mazarin Banaji and Anthony Greenwald, detail their extensive research findings around the universality of hidden or implicit biases. Although not self-identified depth psychologists, their findings affirm Jung’s view of the unconscious Psyche. Even their widely used Implicit Association Test (IAT) for tracking implicit bias mirrors Jung’s Word Association Test that was the focus of his doctoral dissertation just over 100 years ago and became the basis for his theory of the psychological Complex.

All point to a foundational principle of depth-psychology research as detailed by author-scholars Joseph Coppin and Elizabeth Nelson (2017), “The [unconscious] Psyche is Real” in our human experience, both individual and in community.

This piece from The Washington Post blogs reflects on the Charlottesville events. 

References

  1. Banaji, M. R., & Greenwald, A. G. (2013). Blindspot: Hidden biases of good people. New York, NY: Delacorte Press.
  2. Coppin, J. & Nelson, E. (2017). The art of inquiry: A depth-psychological perspective. Third, expanded edition. Thompson, CT: Spring Publications.